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【考试】二〇一一年报考硕士匈牙利(Magyarorszá

  范文一

Section I: Use of English (10 points)

作者:

  It’s No Use Crying over the Spilt Milk

  1. [B] maintain

Gina Balarin

  小编: 大家学习网葡萄牙共和国语学术COO 钱坤强教师

  2. [A] when

It's human nature to get upset, hot under the collar, rattled. And it's not easy to stop the fire once it has started burning.

  An English proverb has it that “it’s no use crying over the spilt milk”. This picture precisely captures one of such situations—a bottle of milk has been accidentally dropped onto the ground. The reactions of the two individuals in the pictures are totally different. One exclaims “Oh, God, it’s all finished!” whereas the other one is more positive and calm, claiming that “there is still some left。”

  3. [B] weakened

But imagine if you never had to get irritated, or annoyed again. Ever.

  There are rich implications underlying this scene. For the same event, two different individuals make two totally different observations and comments, reflecting two totally different states of mind—one negative and pessimistic, the other positive and optimistic。

  4. [D] accepted

There's a way to stop emotional reactions - even when you're in the grips of a fiery response

  For the pessimistic mind, they tend to exaggerate the seriousness of an accident. Instead of taking active and con

  5. [C] bound

Like a lot of people, I sometimes find it's a struggle to stop an emotional response while it's in progress. Everyone talks about how to be calm, to put things in perspective, etc. But despite having read dozens of motivational and other books around the subject, it's not easy to apply the great advice in a practical way. Then, somehow, this weird turn of phrase stuck with me. It has given me a chance to find perspective and to take myself away from a stressful situation to find an alternative solution before the 'fight or flight' response has a chance to take hold. Two little words have made me calmer.

  范文二

  6. [B] subject

The words: imagine if...

  Interpretation Determines Existence

  7. [D] applies

They're surprisingly powerful, actually. Give it a try. Stop. Right now. And say the words "imagine if...' and then add a practical, alternative situation to the one you currently find yourself in, to the end of the statement.

  小编: 大家学习网克罗地亚语学术首席试行官 钱坤强助教

  8. [B] raise

The key is not to just say the words, but to picture the scenario you're in as you read this - or the scenario you're in when under stress - and put an alternative conclusion to it in your head. Picture yourself in the alternative 'possibility' by using the words 'imagine if'.

  The moment captured by this picture is very dramatic—with a bottle of milk dropped onto the ground and half of the milk spilt, two individuals at the scene produce totally different reactions. One exclaims “Oh, God, it’s all finished!” whereas the other one remains calm and positive—that "there is still some left."

  9. [A] line

How stopping an emotional reaction can result in a physical response:

  This seemingly simple spectacle carries profound philosophical connotations about how we perceive our world. Ours is a complicated world whose bright sides and dark sides coexist. But the demarcation line between the two is not always well-defined. Instead, in many cases, their border line is very subtle. Even with respect to the same situation, as presented by the picture, different people with different states

  10. [B] as

You see, it isn't about the words, necessarily, but the feeling that goes with it. Let me explain. Somehow, by simply saying 'Imagine if...' and then filling in the rest of the situation, it gives this reaction.

  参考译文

  11. [A] so

1) You calm down. For me, I notice that my breathing slows and deepens, and my shoulders drop.

考试,  英谚云:“牛奶既倾,眼泪哭干亦于事无补。”那幅图片所捕捉住的,恰恰正是如此多个光景——一瓶牛奶比非常大心被打翻在地,图片中四人的反射黯淡无光,一个大喊:“天哪,全完了! ”;另二个则甚为淡定,态度来得更其自爱,声称:“尚余些许。”

  12. [C] upset

2) I am then able to step away from the immediate moment and gain perspective.

  那1光景的暗中,隐含着足够深入的内蕴。对于同一事件,2个不等的人所作的体察与商量判若云泥,折射出完全不一样的三种心态——壹种是负面与悲观的,1种则是纯正与开始展览的。

  13. [C] cultivate

3) My focus changes on how angry/frustrated (fill in your own emotion here) I am with the situation and all of a sudden a variety of other emotions are available.

  于悲客官来讲,他们多次会浮夸某一意外交事务件的根本。他们不唯有不利用积极和切实的步子去消除难题,相反,他们会深陷绝望,壹味地抱怨,遗弃应有的鼎力。最后,他们陷入1种可怕的惰性和不作为。当他们最终真的退步时,他们会将歇业总结于外人或外部条件,而绝少反思小编的心性弱点。那些人的见解,仅局限于东西的阴暗面;当中的确能成功者,寡矣!

  14. [D] tied

What happens is that the two words 'imagine if' give me the permission I need in my own head to break the cycle and response. And the results are, that with a more rational approach I can moderate my reaction, be calmer, and think about how else I could choose to react to the situation - other than by using the pre-programmed response that is my 'go-to' reaction.

  来源:大家学习网

  15. [A] concepts

This somewhat strange real-life scenario might explain it.

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  16. [C] shapes

Picture yourself on a train with me. It's not even 8am yet on a normal work morning. Commuters are still sleepy and drinking their first coffee of the day, reading their emails before they get to the office, or catching up on the news. Then another person gets on the train. There's nothing unusual about this, ordinarily, but in his case there is. Instead of drinking tea or coffee, he sits down and takes a gulp of a red bull energy drink. Something about the way he sits down makes me pause what I was doing (reading Essentialism by Greg McKeown) because I'm distracted by him - his nervous demeanour or just generally a negative vibe I get from him. As I glance up I can see a series of emotions flick across his face. He's angry, frustrated. It seems as if he's still playing out an argument with someone in his head.

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  17. [A] dismissed

This is not a good way to start his day, and I find myself being sucked into this negative vibe, unwillingly, perhaps in some sense of misguided sympathy? I feel my shoulders rise with tension, my breathing quicken. It's a 'fight or flight' preparation response - because if someone is behaving this strangely at this time of the morning, it's impossible to predict whether he'll do other strange things.

  特别表明:由于外省点情况的不断调节与变化,搜狐网所提供的保有考试消息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的行业内部音信为准。

  18. [C] address

It's not a rational reaction. It's visceral. I'm on edge - wary, forewarned. And it's not making a great start to my day, either.

  19. [D] accountable

But recently I've been saying to myself 'Imagine if this were different'. This simple concept, of imagining a different way of viewing the situation has an almost miraculous brain response for me. It takes me away from the current situation, and my negative perception of the situation. The reaction is more than mental, though, it actually manifests itself in a physical response.

  20. [D] as a result

In the case of our distressed commuter, the reaction above kicked in when I said to myself, 'Imagine if this guy were calm, rational, and no threat to you', in my head. I calmed down, took a breath, my shoulders dropped, I gained perspective. And suddenly he was no longer a threat. It turns out that he never was, actually, but my neural chemistry - my inner, irrational 'chimp' - who governs the limbic section of my brain, didn't know that.

  Section II: Reading Comprehension (60 points)

It's surprisingly effective

  Part A (40 points)

I've been testing it out. And, strangely, it works in a variety of situations. From the most serious - like being really upset about a situation I feel I can't do anything about - to the most trivial - being annoyed or 'drawn in' to the gloom surrounding someone else, like the stressed-out guy on the train.

  21. [D] a cause of undesirable behaviors。

I'm not going to say that 'imagining' an alternative scenario will make it a reality - not without the right circumstances, opportunities, people and skills to make it so - but what being able to 'imagine if' does for the person saying it, is provide other opportunities.

  22. [B] learn from advertisers' experience。

If you can imagine a different way that scenario might go, a way that's more like what you really want, it gives you control. Two words may not change your life. But then again, they may. And, arguably more importantly, they will hopefully change your response to a situation. Which, in turn, affects how others will react to your own body language, tone of voice, and stress levels. And as a result, the result you imagine could either come to pass - or, at the least, you'll just stop being as bothered by whatever it was that stressed you out in the first place.

  23. [A] adequately probe social and biological factors。

It's worth a try

  24. [C] occurs without our realizing it。

Hey, (I say, shrugging my shoulders in a way that indicates it's up to you but I don't mind either way), using the words 'imagine if' is worth a try. Don't you think?

  25. [C] profound。

Acknowledgement:

  26. [C] dishonoring。

This idea bubbled up from something that a very clever, quirky, and complex man introduced in my business life. David Vine of Concur originally wrote the white paper 'Imagine if... there was a better way of doing expenses' with me. Together we introduced the concept of 'imagining' a different way, a better way, even in the most mundane of circumstances: dealing with employee expenses. Little did I realise how long this idea would stick with me, and how great its potential is to inspire other types of action and change.

  27. [D] get permission to purchase a power plant。

Credit also goes to Greg McKeown's ideas in the ground-breaking book 'Essentialism: the disciplined pursuit of less' and to Prof. Steve Peters for the 'chimp' concept in 'The Chimp Paradox' . These books are definitely worth a read if you want to know more about how to imagine a different way of programming your brain to respond to stress.

  28. [A] managerial practices。

  29. [D] the limits of states' power over nuclear issues。

  30. [A] Entergy's business elsewhere

  It's No Use Crying over the Spilt Milk (范文一)

  大家网俄语学术COO

  钱坤强 教授

  An English proverb has it that "it's no use crying over the spilt milk". This picture precisely captures one of such situations—a bottle of milk has been accidentally dropped onto the ground. The reactions of the two individuals in the pictures are totally different. One exclaims "Oh, God, it's all finished!" whereas the other one is more positive and calm, claiming that "there is still some left."

  There are rich implications underlying this scene. For the same event, two different individuals make two totally different observations and comments, reflecting two totally different states of mind—one negative and pessimistic, the other positive and optimistic。

  For the pessimistic mind, they tend to exaggerate the seriousness of an accident. Instead of taking active an

  Interpretation Determines Existence (范文二)

  我们网西班牙语学术老董 钱坤强 教师

  The moment captured by this picture is very dramatic—with a bottle of milk dropped onto the ground and half of the milk spilt, two individuals at the scene produce totally different reactions. One exclaims "Oh, God, it's all finished!" whereas the other one remains calm and positive—that "there is still some left."

  This seemingly simple spectacle carries profound philosophical connotations about how we perceive our world. Ours is a complicated world whose bright sides and dark sides coexist. But the demarcation line between the two is not always well-defined. Instead, in many cases, their border line is very subtle. Even with respect to the same situation, as presented by the picture, different people with different states of mind may come up with totally different interpretations. This picture convincingly illustrates a subtle case about how we should perceive our world。

  It is often said that "the attitude determines everything." In many cases, the success or failure of 

(来源:大家网)

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